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Policy Rounds Series – Concordance of Frailty among Community-Dwelling Older Couples: An Administrative Health Data Study
January 31, 2023 @ 1:00 pm - 1:30 pm
Speaker: Dr. Sandra Magalhaes, Research Associate, New Brunswick Institute for Research, Data and Training (NB-IRDT), University of New Brunswick
Description: Frailty is a negative outcome associated with aging. For older couples, the presence of frailty in one partner increases the risk of frailty in the other, which has important implications for supporting community-dwelling older couples (CDOC) to reduce negative outcomes associated with frailty. From over 37,000 CDOC we found that in 10% both members were hospitalized; 80% were low/no frailty risk and 2% as high/intermediate risk. Males were, on average, older than females in each frailty category. Due to the high proportion of CDOC with no/low risk, we observed a small but positive association between continuous frailty risk scores. Whereas, for frailty risk categories we found a 23% increased prevalence of high/intermediate frailty when their partner had a high/intermediate frailty. While frailty risk was not prevalent in our large population-based sample, when CDOC are identified as having an intermediate or high risk of frailty, their partners are also more likely to have high or intermediate frailty.